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What is plant biotechnology and its importance

What is meant by plant biotechnology?

Plant biotechnology is defined as:

  • “Application of science and technology to plants, their parts, products and models, in order to alter living or inert materials for the development of knowledge, goods and services” (OECD)
  • “Technologies based on plant biotechnology” (BIOVEGEN)

What applications does plant biotechnology have?

  • Improvement of varieties based on characters of agronomic interest:
    • Productivity (resistance to biotic stress: pests, viruses, pathogens; tolerance to abiotic stress: drought, salinity..., tolerance to herbicides. Plant-soil interaction, nutrient absorption, improved metabolism, etc.)
    • Nutritional improvement: vitamin enrichment, better taste, nutraceutical foods.
    • Post-harvest physiology (delay in fruit ripening)
    • Food processing, IV range
    • Improvement of ornamentals: structure, size, color, smell, absence of fruit...
  • Phytoremediation: removal of contaminants
  • Biofuels: bioenergy crops (1st, 2nd, 3rd generation)
  • Biofactories: biopolymers, therapeutic proteins, biodegradable plastics, etc.
  • Exploitation of natural diversity and protection of biodiversity

Productivity, quality, sustainability, new applications

BIOVEGEN and Plant Biotechnology